List Of Deficiency Diseases And Their Causes Pdf
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Micronutrients, often referred to as vitamins and minerals, are vital to healthy development, disease prevention, and wellbeing. With the exception of vitamin D, micronutrients are not produced in the body and must be derived from the diet 1. Though people only need small amounts of micronutrients, consuming the recommended amount is important.
- Vitamins and Minerals – Deficiency Diseases
- Nutritional Deficiencies (Malnutrition)
- Nutritional disease
Causes of malnutrition include inappropriate dietary choices, a low income, difficulty obtaining food, and various physical and mental health conditions. Undernutrition is one type of malnutrition. It occurs when the body does not get enough food.
Vitamins and Minerals – Deficiency Diseases
Nutritional Deficiencies (Malnutrition)
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet which does not supply a healthy amount of one or more nutrients. This includes diets that have too little nutrients or so many that the diet causes health problems. Undernourishment is most often due to a lack of high-quality food which is available to eat. Infectious diseases such as gastroenteritis , pneumonia , malaria , and measles , which increase nutrient requirements, can also cause malnutrition. Other causes of malnutrition include anorexia nervosa and bariatric surgery.
Nutrient deficiencies or diseases can be the result of poor nutritional intake, chronic health conditions, AI - Established to assume adequate intake when there is insufficient evidence to develop Iodine deficiency is the leading cause of intellectual disability Supplements website: marianaslibrary.orglist-all/.
We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. The body requires many different vitamins and minerals that are crucial for both body development and preventing disease.
Diseases that occur due to lack of nutrients over a long period are called deficiency diseases or nutritional disease.
Table 9. The nutritional requirements for selected members of the essential metals are discussed in the following sections. Anemia results from insufficient oxygen supply, often because of a decrease in hemoglobin Hb blood levels. Approximately 65 to 70 percent of total body iron resides in Hb. In the U. In third-world countries, however, scarcity of dietary iron is a major contributor to anemia. This information illustrates one important fact about disease that results from metal deficiency, namely, the need for an adequate supply of essential metals in food.
Moreover, the Global Hunger Index Report ranked India 20th amongst leading countries with a serious hunger situation. These facts hint dire consequences for mortality rate, productivity and economic growth. Therefore, nutritional deficiency diseases have obtained an important place in various government competitive exams. This list of nutrients, their sources, constituents and deficiency diseases will help you prepare for the same. Download this as PDF.
Nutrient intake recommendations and national nutritional policies have focused primarily on prevention of short-latency deficiency diseases. Most nutrient intake recommendations today are based on prevention of the index disease only. However, inadequate intakes of many nutrients are now recognized as contributing to several of the major chronic diseases that affect the populations of the industrialized nations.
Nutritional disease , any of the nutrient-related diseases and conditions that cause illness in humans. They may include deficiencies or excesses in the diet, obesity and eating disorders , and chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease , hypertension , cancer , and diabetes mellitus. Nutritional diseases also include developmental abnormalities that can be prevented by diet, hereditary metabolic disorders that respond to dietary treatment , the interaction of foods and nutrients with drugs , food allergies and intolerances, and potential hazards in the food supply.
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