Biosecurity And Biosafety In Veterinary Clinic Pdf
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- Biosafety and Biosecurity in Containment: A Regulatory Overview
- VETERINARY SAFETY AND HEALTH
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Metrics details. Scrub typhus is an important arthropod-borne disease causing significant acute febrile illness by infection with Orientia spp. Using a risk-based approach, this review examines current practice, the evidence base and regulatory requirements regarding matters of biosafety and biosecurity, and presents the case for reclassification from Risk Group 3 to Risk Group 2 along with recommendations for safe working practices of risk-based activities during the manipulation of Orientia spp. We recommend to reclassify Orientia spp. We recommend that low risk activities, can be performed within a biological safety cabinet located in a Biosafety Level BSL 2 core laboratory using standard personal protective equipment.
Biosafety and Biosecurity in Containment: A Regulatory Overview
Morley, J. Scott Weese, Consulting Editors. Infection control, biosecurity, biocontainment, and biosafety are essential functions at all health care operations, including veterinary practices. However, as major outbreaks of health care—associated infections HCAI at veterinary hospitals have become increasingly publicized, 1 — 12 it has become increasingly obvious that coordinated infection control practices are a critical component of delivering high-quality care at veterinary facilities, especially those with large caseloads and those that specialize in intensive care of patients. This threat is relevant to all veterinarians and all hospitals. Fifty-eight percent of the 38 participating hospitals had to restrict admissions to protect patients and allow mitigation, and 12 of these hospitals all were equine hospitals were temporarily closed. The agent most commonly implicated in human illnesses was Cryptosporidium parvum.
VETERINARY SAFETY AND HEALTH
In agriculture , these measures are aimed at protecting food crops and livestock from pests , invasive species , and other organisms not conducive to the welfare of the human population. The term includes biological threats to people, including those from pandemic diseases and bioterrorism. The definition has sometimes been broadened to embrace other concepts, and it is used for different purposes in different contexts. The COVID pandemic is a recent example of a threat for which biosecurity measures have been needed in all countries of the world. The term "biosecurity" has been defined differently by various disciplines. The term was first used by the agricultural and environmental communities to describe preventative measures against threats from naturally occurring diseases and pests, later expanded to introduced species.
Rapid scientific and technological advances continue to challenge the biosafety community in determining and establishing the appropriate practices and containment necessary to avoid exposure to the wide array of hazardous biological agents and materials found in the laboratory. This introductory course will provide an opportunity to incorporate the basic knowledge and skills necessary in order to perform risk assessments for working safely with pathogens human and animal and rDNA genetically modified organisms or viral vectors. Using case studies, participants will work together to conduct risk assessments by determining the hazards involved; the appropriate questions to ask to address the potential risks associated with the intended activities; and make recommendations on appropriate containment and practices required to work safely. The conclusions of the groups will be presented. This course will have a fresh look at industry best practices and provide a fundamental understanding of the terminology, concepts, processes, standards, numbers, types of equipment, and furniture as applicable involved in the planning and design of animal research and biocontainment labs including related mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems. This course will start with the earliest programming and planning activities of a facility; risk assessments, major facility design considerations, and end with commissioning, operations, and root-cause analysis.
This course will review the important aspects of the daily operation of a BSL-3 facility from two points of view; management of the facility and the daily operations. This assumes that you already have a facility built and have all required authorizations to work in it. Daily operations in a BSL-3 such as: understanding when it is safe to enter and when you need to evacuate; what to do when the ventilation fails; practical aspects of entry and exit procedures; practical tips on selection and use of personal protective equipment PPE ; safety considerations within the experimental SOPs; waste handling; facility cleaning; and how to have equipment repaired or serviced will be discussed.
When biosafety for contained use is addressed in international fora and discussions, often the topic is limited to working with genetically modified organisms GMOs in facilities such as laboratories, animal facilities, and greenhouses. However, the scope of biosafety in containment encompasses many other types of biological materials, such as human, animal and plant pathogens, nucleic acids, proteins, human samples, animals or plants, or by-products thereof, and overlaps often with the topic of biosecurity. This is also reflected in the regulations that apply for activities with biological materials in contained facilities. The common denominator of these regulations is the focus on protection of people and environment, while applying the key principles of risk assessment and risk management. This review provides an overview of regulatory frameworks for biosafety and biosecurity in containment around the globe, as well as points out overlap with other regulatory frameworks, such as the Nagoya Protocol, or Plant and Animal Health regulations.
Veterinary medicine and animal care workers are at risk of exposure to zoonoses, infectious diseases that spread from animals to humans. Possible routes of transmission include aerosol, droplet spray, ingestion oral , direct contact, indirect contact e. Sources of exposure include animals, body fluids, contaminated tools, surfaces, or other objects in the environment.
Biosecurity means many different things to different people depending on the situation, but should be looked at from a number of angles.