Communicable And Noncommunicable Diseases List Pdf

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communicable and noncommunicable diseases list pdf

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Communicable diseases spread from one person to another or from an animal to a person. The spread often happens via airborne viruses or bacteria, but also through blood or other bodily fluid. The terms infectious and contagious are also used to describe communicable disease.

As you will recall from the Module on Health Education , Advocacy and Community Mobilisation, health is defined as a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being and not the mere absence of disease. Diseases may be classified as communicable or non-communicable. Communicable diseases are caused by infectious agents that can be transmitted to other people from an infected person, animal or a source in the environment. Communicable diseases constitute the leading cause of health problems in Ethiopia. Before we describe each communicable disease relevant to Ethiopia in detail in later study sessions, it is important that you first learn about the basic concepts underlying communicable diseases.

Non-communicable disease

Cardiovascular diseases are those that affect the heart or blood vessels and include congenital heart disease , disorders of the peripheral vascular system, diseases of the aorta, endocarditis , orthostatic hypotension , hypertension , heart failure , arrhythmia , heart valve disease, coronary artery disease , and arteriosclerosis. The need for immediate action is critical to the future of the global economy. As many of those who die are of working age, the economic impact is enormous. As the populations of developing nations grow, they are affected by an ever-increasing share of this financial burden. By , the number of people over the age of 60 years worldwide will probably double, the authors explain. Combine this with greater urbanization and you have a steep rise in NCD rates. The numbers indicate that non-communicable diseases have the potential to not only bankrupt health systems but to also put a brake on the global economy.

Communicable Diseases Module: 1. Basic Concepts in the Transmission of Communicable Diseases

Prevalence of smoking, physical inactivity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and excess weight were studied and presented separately and aggregated in various combinations. The most frequent risk factor was physical inactivity Women were less active and thinner than men. More than half of the sample showed two or three risk factors The combination of physical inactivity and excess weight was observed in The accumulation of risk factors for CNCD is frequent in the study population and the identification of the most common combinations is essential for planning future interventions.

The Burden of Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases in Developing Countries

Oxford University Press makes no representation, express or implied, that the drug dosages in this book are correct. Readers must therefore always check the product information and clinical procedures with the most up to date published product information and data sheets provided by the manufacturers and the most recent codes of conduct and safety regulations. The authors and the publishers do not accept responsibility or legal liability for any errors in the text or for the misuse or misapplication of material in this work. Except where otherwise stated, drug dosages and recommendations are for the non-pregnant adult who is not breastfeeding. Introduction to prevention and control of non-communicable diseases.

Five Non-communicable Diseases, $47 Trillion Global Burden Over Next Two Decades

Five Non-communicable Diseases, $47 Trillion Global Burden Over Next Two Decades

A non-communicable disease NCD is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. NCDs include Parkinson's disease , autoimmune diseases , strokes , most heart diseases , most cancers , diabetes , chronic kidney disease , osteoarthritis , osteoporosis , Alzheimer's disease , cataracts , and others. NCDs may be chronic or acute. Most are non- infectious , although there are some non-communicable infectious diseases, such as parasitic diseases in which the parasite's life cycle does not include direct host-to-host transmission. NCDs are the leading cause of death globally.

Published on 6 novembre Modified on 6 novembre downloads. Published on 28 mai Modified on 6 novembre downloads. Published on 2 mai Modified on 28 mai downloads. Noncommunicable diseases NCDs -mainly cardiovascular diseases CVDs , cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases-constitute the leading cause of death in the Region. NCDs were the cause of an estimated 4. Published on 2 mai Modified on 17 juin downloads.


PDF | On Sep 22, , AD Harries and others published Communicable and non-communicable diseases: connections, synergies and.


5 Comments

  1. Armand H. 22.01.2021 at 21:08

    Can Pneumonia Be Contagious? Medically reviewed by Judith Marcin, M.D. ยท READ MORE.

  2. Tilly M. 23.01.2021 at 04:17

    Worldwide, developed and developing countries are facing the double burden of communicable and

  3. Abi A. 26.01.2021 at 01:41

    Policies addressing the major NCDs and their risk factors. Research policy ANNEX 2: LIST OF COUNTRIES BY WORLD BANK INCOME GROUPS. ANNEX 3.

  4. Amtranvicsa 29.01.2021 at 17:49

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  5. Germain M. 29.01.2021 at 19:43

    Annex 2: List of countries by world bank income groups noncommunicable diseases, particularly in developing countries, and notes that this may necessitate increased on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable diseases [A/66/L.1]. publications//_marianaslibrary.org [accessed May ]. 6.