List Of Chemical Formulas And Their Common Names Pdf
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Generally questions from the topic Common Names and Formulas of Important Chemical Compounds are asked in every competitive exam.
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- List of Chemical Compounds and their Common Names and Formulas
- Common Names Of Certain Chemical Compounds
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List of Chemical Compounds and their Common Names and Formulas
Think about what you call your friends. Some of your friends might have full names long names and a nickname short name. These are the words we use to tell others who or what we are referring to. Their full name is like the substances name and their nickname is like the substances formulae. Without these names your friends would have no idea which of them you are referring to. Chemical substances have names, just like people have names.
The empirical and molecular formulas discussed in the preceding section are precise and informative, but they have some disadvantages. First, they are inconvenient for routine verbal communication. In such cases, it is necessary for the compounds to have different names that distinguish among the possible arrangements. Many compounds, particularly those that have been known for a relatively long time, have more than one name: a common name sometimes several , and a systematic name, which is the name assigned by adhering to specific rules. Like the names of most elements, the common names of chemical compounds generally have historical origins, although they often appear to be unrelated to the compounds of interest. For example, the systematic name for KNO 3 is potassium nitrate, but its common name is saltpeter. In this text, a systematic nomenclature is used to assign meaningful names to the millions of known substances.
Common Names Of Certain Chemical Compounds
Chemistry is said to be a subject mostly comprising of reactions along with formulas. We come across various chemical substances in our daily life. Some of the substances we use in our house such as the staples present in the medicine cabinet comprise chemical substances.
Chemical compounds may be classified according to several different criteria. One common method is based on the specific elements present. For example, oxides contain one or more oxygen atoms, hydrides contain one or more hydrogen atoms, and halides contain one or more halogen Group 17 atoms. Organic compounds are characterized as those compounds with a backbone of carbon atoms, and all the remaining compounds are classified as inorganic. As the name suggests, organometallic compounds are organic compounds bonded to metal atoms. Another classification scheme for chemical compounds is based on the types of bonds that the compound contains. Ionic compounds contain ions and are held together by the attractive forces among the oppositely charged ions.
My Career Study is an educational website. Lithium Permanganate. Chemical Compounds: Sucrose. Even so, you rarely ask someone to pass the sodium chloride at the dinner table. The bonding characteristics of inorganic molecular compounds are different from ionic compounds, and they are named using a different system as well. Download Common names of chemical compounds and formulas list pdf.
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