The Future Of Journalism In An Age Of Digital Media And Economic Uncertainty Pdf

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Traditional understanding of journalism as a profession has changed significantly, mostly due to the fact that digital media environment has brought new opportunities but also challenges related to the journalistic practice. The text aims to offer a theoretical reflection on the issue of online journalism. The authors work with a basic assumption that many aspects related to form and content of online news need to be discussed in the light of much needed terminological and paradigmatic revisions related to both the general theory of journalism and our practical understanding of journalism as a continual, creative and highly professional, publicly performed activity. The Evolution of Media Communication. However, the current situation does not suggest that the state of matters will change radically in the near future.

Digital Transformation Is About Talent, Not Technology

There is now a much wider understanding of the key role of advanced technologies such as informatics and artificial intelligence AI in delivering solutions for the management of pandemics. These include tracking possibly infected persons; contact tracing; the targeted delivery of health care; and the ability to link across databases to elicit important patterns, such as health status and recent travel history.

Clearly, these measures can be effective. A study conducted by Oxford University in April found that if just 56 per cent of a country's population used a tracking app, it could largely contain the COVID epidemic. The problem, however, is that this approach raises concerns over privacy, which is why it has had a mixed reception in Western democracies. So, it is important to take account of both the technical feasibility and the social acceptability of certain approaches.

Economic choices are equally important. The pandemic caused an astonishingly rapid migration to online teaching and education, working, meeting and conferencing, administration, shopping and socializing. News, information, entertainment, medical advice and almost all other services became more prevalent online. The change is probably now irreversible, as many businesses, government agencies, universities, retailers and individuals have experienced the efficiency gains and cost reductions of a far more distributed way of operating.

Technological convergence, which started some years before the pandemic, created the framework for this current transformation. The disruption began in the communications sector, which had once been shaped exclusively by elites in the broadcasting and print industries.

It is now characterized by a diffusion of power, which has given rise to citizen journalists, Facebookers, Tweeters, bloggers and vloggers. News, information and entertainment are therefore no longer the sole provinces of traditional content creators and distributors. The average person is now both consumer and creator of content and is able to share her or his perspective and world view from any connected village in any part of the globe.

As the population shifts to a greater reliance on online sources, it becomes more susceptible to harmful content. Part of this has been made more manifest by propaganda that incites racism, conspiracy theories, violence and radicalization.

Over time, this can undermine the basis for shared values and tolerance in a society, tearing at the fabric of democracy itself. The World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology COMEST has called attention to the role of AI in the selection of information and news that people read, the music they listen to and the decisions they make, as well as their political interaction and engagement.

Information is being created, distributed and amassed on an unprecedented scale, but most people have no knowledge of when, or the nature or extent to which information about them is being stored, access and shared. AI is no exception. The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation reported a four-fold increase in the volume of cyberfraud; scammers took advantage of the crisis and offered fake advice on COVID to induce recipients to click on their links, which allowed them to download malware and capture personal and financial information.

Other increasingly pressing concerns include the concentration of the ownership of platforms, the millions of people left behind who are unconnected or lack the digital skills to be competitive, and the fact that most media regulatory frameworks now lag far behind in the new world of accelerating technological change.

For example, most regulation still operates exclusively at the national level, even though local firms are now competing with vastly bigger and largely unregulated foreign providers. Given that the volume of material now uploaded every minute far outpaces the ability of most regulators to monitor more than a fraction of the harmful content, a key part of the solution is to place more reliance on citizens. Regulators need to take on a new role in ensuring that citizens can acquire the knowledge and skills needed to fully utilize digital resources while guarding against malicious, harmful and inappropriate content.

The purpose of media and information literacy MIL is to empower the users of technology through continuous learning and knowledge acquisition about the functions of media; the mechanisms for content creation and distribution; media effects; the rights of persons to information and expression; the responsibilities of those who use, mediate and control media; and the ethical design and use of new and emerging technologies. It is particularly important that people understand the role of the AI systems with which they will interact, and that there are ethical considerations and expectations surrounding the use of such systems.

They must be alert to the possibility of media manipulation and signs of the penetration of social media by terrorist or criminal networks. Consumers of digital content must also be able to identify and respond to risks such as cyberbullying, revenge porn, internet addiction and other problematic internet use.

To advance MIL, regulators and policymakers should work with content creators, civil society, and platform and network operators to encourage the development of faster and more reliable fact-checking, higher standards and trustworthiness in journalism, and the special promotion of MIL programmes that focus on disaffected youth to help prevent radicalization and recruitment by criminal and terrorist organisations.

In order to protect democracy, the transition to a digital society and economy must be accompanied by a media and information literacy revolution. This would be in keeping with a similar designation made in by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization General Conference, which unanimously adopted a resolution on the matter.

It is privileged to host senior United Nations officials as well as distinguished contributors from outside the United Nations system whose views are not necessarily those of the United Nations. Similarly, the boundaries and names shown, and the designations used, in maps or articles do not necessarily imply endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Building back better must bring nature, biodiversity and climate fully into the picture, and address the entrenched social inequalities laid bare by the pandemic. Skip to main content. Toggle navigation Welcome to the United Nations. A smartphone using a contract tracing app. About the author E. Courtenay Rattray E. The Challenges of Digital Transformation As the population shifts to a greater reliance on online sources, it becomes more susceptible to harmful content.

Future of Journalism: In an Age of Digital Media and Economic Uncertainty

There is now a much wider understanding of the key role of advanced technologies such as informatics and artificial intelligence AI in delivering solutions for the management of pandemics. These include tracking possibly infected persons; contact tracing; the targeted delivery of health care; and the ability to link across databases to elicit important patterns, such as health status and recent travel history. Clearly, these measures can be effective. A study conducted by Oxford University in April found that if just 56 per cent of a country's population used a tracking app, it could largely contain the COVID epidemic. The problem, however, is that this approach raises concerns over privacy, which is why it has had a mixed reception in Western democracies. So, it is important to take account of both the technical feasibility and the social acceptability of certain approaches.

Yet the decisions they make now could have ramifications for decades. The practice of strategic foresight offers a solution. Its aim is not to predict the future but to help organizations envision multiple futures in ways that enable them to sense and adapt to change. Its most recognizable tool is scenario planning. To use it well, organizations must imagine a variety of futures, identify strategies that are needed across them, and begin implementing those strategies now. But one-off exercises are not enough: Leaders must institutionalize that process, building a dynamic link between thinking about the future and taking action in the present.

Online Journalism: Current Trends and Challenges

The development of digital media has delivered innovations and prompted tectonic shifts in all aspects of journalism practice, the journalism industry and scholarly research in the field of journalism studies; this book offers detailed accounts of changes in all three arenas. The significance of their responses to these pressing and challenging questions is impossible to overstate. Divided into nine sections, this collection analyses and discusses the future of journalism in relation to: Revenues and Business Models; Controversies and Debates; Changing Journalism Practice; Social Media; Photojournalism and visual images of News; Local and Hyperlocal journalism; Quality, Transparency and Accountability; and Changing Professional Roles and Identities.

The main purpose is to provide useful insights for the year ahead and to identify the most important media trends.

Contrary to popular belief, digital transformation is less about technology, and more about people. The main implication is that when leaders think about investing in technology, they should first think about investing in the people who can make that technology useful. Contrary to popular belief , digital transformation is less about technology and more about people.

Она снова прошлась по кнопкам. Они не реагировали. - Выключите ТРАНСТЕКСТ! - потребовала. Остановка поисков ключа Цифровой крепости высвободила бы достаточно энергии для срабатывания дверных замков. - Успокойся, Сьюзан, - сказал Стратмор, положив руку ей на плечо.

Беккер увидел в зеркале заднего вида разъяренное лицо, но словно оцепенел. Раздраженный водитель резко нажал на педаль тормоза, и Беккер почувствовал, как перемещается куда-то вес его тела.

Ролдан нахмурился. Голос показался ему отдаленно знакомым. Он попытался определить акцент - может быть, Бургос. - Вы набрали правильно, - сказал он осторожно, - но это служба сопровождения. Звонивший некоторое время молчал.

 Провайдер находится в районе территориального кода двести два. Однако номер пока не удалось узнать. - Двести два.

И в тот же миг осознала свою ошибку. Она ощутила запах Хейла, но повернулась слишком поздно. И тут же забилась, задыхаясь от удушья. Ее снова сжали уже знакомые ей стальные руки, а ее голова была намертво прижата к груди Хейла.

Стратмор даже не повернулся. Он по-прежнему смотрел вниз, словно впав в транс и не отдавая себе отчета в происходящем. Сьюзан проследила за его взглядом, прижавшись к поручню. Сначала она не увидела ничего, кроме облаков пара. Но потом поняла, куда смотрел коммандер: на человеческую фигуру шестью этажами ниже, которая то и дело возникала в разрывах пара.

Media and Information Literacy in an Age of Uncertainty

4 Comments

  1. Mucetecmae 12.02.2021 at 16:01

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  2. Tia D. 15.02.2021 at 22:48

    Uncertainty reigned.

  3. Petrona A. 16.02.2021 at 15:12

    In an age of digital media and economic uncertainty · Full Article · Figures & data · References · Citations · Metrics · Reprints & Permissions · PDF.

  4. Daniel A. 21.02.2021 at 01:29

    The Future of Journalism: In an Age of Digital Media and Economic Uncertainty brings together the research conversation conducted by a distinguished group of​.