Hiv Aids Awareness Prevention Treatment And Services Pdf
- and pdf
- Sunday, February 7, 2021 2:31:30 AM
- 0 comment
File Name: hiv aids awareness prevention treatment and services .zip
HIV is spread primarily by unprotected sex including anal and oral sex , contaminated blood transfusions , hypodermic needles , and from mother to child during pregnancy , delivery, or breastfeeding.
- Hiv Cure Guest Book
- Fact Sheets
- Looking for other ways to read this?
- Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program
In coordination with the Department of State, U. Nearly all militaries around the world screen out HIV-positive individuals seeking to enlist, and yet most militaries have similar or higher HIV prevalence of their comparable civilians. DHAPP plans activities and sets targets based on the specific context of the partner military and the clients seen at military heath facilities.
Hiv Cure Guest Book
AIDS is a serious condition that weakens the body's immune system, leaving it unable to fight off illness. The diseases include a number of unusual and severe infections, cancers and debilitating illnesses, resulting in severe weight loss or wasting away, and diseases affecting the brain and central nervous system. The immune system is a network of cells, organs and proteins that work together to defend and protect the body from potentially harmful, infectious microorganisms microscopic life-forms , such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi.
The immune system also plays a critical role in preventing the development and spread of many types of cancer. When the immune system is missing one or more of its components, the result is an immunodeficiency disorder. AIDS is an immunodeficiency disorder. Lymphocytes white blood cells are one of the main types of immune cells that make up the immune system. There are two types of lymphocytes: B cells and T cells.
B cells secrete antibodies proteins into the body's fluids to ambush and attack antigens foreign proteins such as bacteria, viruses or fungi. T cells directly attack and destroy infected or malignant cells in the body. There are two types of T cells: helper T cells and killer T cells. Helper T cells recognize the antigen and activate the killer T cells. Killer T cells then destroy the antigen.
When HIV is introduced into the body, this virus is too strong for the helper T cells and killer T cells. The virus then invades these cells and starts to reproduce itself, thereby not only killing the CD4 T cells, but also spreading to infect otherwise healthy cells.
The HIV virus cannot be destroyed and lives in the body undetected for months or years before any sign of illness appears. Gradually, over many years or even decades, as the T cells become progressively destroyed or inactivated, other viruses, parasites or cancer cells called "opportunistic diseases" which would not have been able to get past a healthy body's defense, can multiply within the body without fear of destruction.
Commonly seen opportunistic diseases in persons with HIV infection include: pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, tuberculosis, candida yeast infection of the mouth, throat or vagina, shingles, cytomegalovirus retinitis and Kaposi's sarcoma.
The most common mode of transmission is the transfer of body secretions through sexual contact. This is accomplished through exposure of mucous membranes of the rectum, vagina or mouth to blood, semen or vaginal secretions containing the HIV virus.
Blood or blood products can transmit the virus, most often through the sharing of contaminated syringes and needles. Additionally, HIV is not spread through routine contact in restaurants, the workplace or school. However, sharing a razor does pose a small risk in that blood from a minor nick can be transmitted from one person to another.
Like any other viral illness, these symptoms resolve over a period of five to 10 days. Then for a period of several years sometimes as long as several decades , people infected with HIV are asymptomatic no symptoms. However, their immune system is gradually being destroyed by the virus. When this destruction has progressed to a critical point, symptoms of AIDS appear. These symptoms are as follows:. The AIDS-defining conditions are:. People who are not infected with HIV may also develop these diseases; the presence of any one of these conditions does not mean the person has AIDS.
However, ARC patients' symptoms are often less severe than those with classic AIDS because the degree of destruction of the immune system has not progressed as far as it has in patients with classic AIDS. Symptoms of ARC may include loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, night sweats, skin rashes, diarrhea, tiredness, lack of resistance to infection or swollen lymph nodes.
Very rarely, some individuals can be infected with HIV yet maintain normal immune function and general good health even after 20 years of infection. A newer test, the Orasure test, involves collecting secretions between the cheek and gum and evaluating them for HIV antibodies. Orasure is essentially as accurate as a blood test, and, because it doesn't involve a needle stick, it is favored by many individuals.
Finally, a new urine test available for screening, although if the test is positive, blood tests need to be performed for confirmation of the presence of HIV. These home kits are available in pharmacies and by mail. The kit contains a few sharp tools called lancets, a piece of blotting paper marked with a unique identification number and a prepaid return envelope with a protective pouch. After pricking the finger with the lancet, a few drops of blood are blotted onto the paper, sealed into the envelope and sent to the address on the envelope.
In about a week, the person calls a toll-free number to get the results of the test. Anti-HIV also called antiretroviral medications are used to control the reproduction of the virus and to slow or halt the progression of HIV-related disease. Anti-HIV medications approved by the U. Fusion Inhibitors, such as enfuvirtide Fuzeon , are newer treatments that work by blocking HIV entry into cells. How many pills you will need to take and how often you will take them depends on what medications you and your doctor choose.
There is no one "best" regimen. You and your doctor will decide which medications are right for you. In general, taking only one or two drugs is not recommended because any decrease in viral load is almost always temporary without three or more drugs. The exception is the recommendation for pregnant women, who may take Combivir plus nevirapine to reduce the risk of passing HIV to their infants. If you are pregnant or considering becoming pregnant, there are additional treatment considerations.
Recently, a number of drugs have been developed that combine two or even three separate medications in a single pill. Individuals with this condition are advised to seek out experts in their local community who are current with the latest modes of therapy and ongoing clinical trials for evaluating newer therapies.
The only way to protect from contracting AIDS sexually is to abstain from sex outside of a mutually faithful relationship with a partner whom the person knows is not infected with the AIDS virus.
Otherwise, risks can be minimized if they:. Avoid oral, genital and anal contact with partner's blood, semen, vaginal secretions, feces or urine. Unless they know with absolute certainty that their partner is not infected, a latex condom should be used during each sexual act, from start to finish. The use of a spermicidal agent may provide additional protection. Don't share toothbrushes, razors or other implements that could become contaminated with the blood of anyone who is or might be infected with the AIDS virus.
Exercise caution regarding procedures, such as acupuncture, tattooing, ear piercing, etc. Such procedures are safe if proper sterilization methods are employed or disposable needles are used. Ask what precautions are taken before undergoing such procedures. If an individual is scheduling surgery in the near future, and is able, they could consider donating blood for their own use.
This will eliminate completely the already very small risk of contracting AIDS through a blood transfusion. It will also eliminate the risk of contracting other bloodborne diseases such as hepatitis from a transfusion. Do not share needles or syringes. Be aware that some street sellers are resealing previously used needles and selling them as new. Some people apparently remain well after infection of the AIDS virus.
They may have no physically apparent symptoms of illness. What can we help you find? March 26, More Stories You Might Like Start Survey.
AIDS is a serious condition that weakens the body's immune system, leaving it unable to fight off illness. The diseases include a number of unusual and severe infections, cancers and debilitating illnesses, resulting in severe weight loss or wasting away, and diseases affecting the brain and central nervous system. The immune system is a network of cells, organs and proteins that work together to defend and protect the body from potentially harmful, infectious microorganisms microscopic life-forms , such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi. The immune system also plays a critical role in preventing the development and spread of many types of cancer. When the immune system is missing one or more of its components, the result is an immunodeficiency disorder.
Looking for other ways to read this?
Hiv Cure Guest Book. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to reset your password. HIV The test. Many people involved in HIV cure research acknowledge that, much like the best treatments for HIV, a cure may consist of a combination of agents and approaches. Uuuuu Ba Chilufya.
Metrics details. Many people are now living longer with HIV due to access to antiretroviral treatment. In turn, there has been an increase in the burden of hypertension and diabetes.
COVID is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Get the latest CDC public health information. Of these, Some people may have HIV but not know it.
Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Over the past 10 years, African governments—through national AIDS control programs—international development agencies, private voluntary organizations, and other nongovernmental groups across Africa have devoted resources, time, and energy to developing low-cost interventions to arrest the spread of HIV and AIDS. Many different programs have distributed AIDS leaflets, badges, stickers, and other paraphernalia. Messages informing people about the danger of AIDS are regularly broadcast on radio and television, published in newspapers, displayed on billboards, and performed by local entertainers. Hundreds of peer educators across the continent visit local bars, beer gardens, hotels, STD clinics, and work sites to provide AIDS-prevention education and distribute free condoms.
View All Public Messages. We lead public health efforts to advance the behavioral health of the nation. We have resources to help you find and apply for funding opportunities. Our collection of scientifically-based resources includes toolkits and clinical practice guidelines.
The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It harms your immune system by destroying a type of white blood cell that helps your body fight infection. This puts you at risk for serious infections and certain cancers. AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is the final stage of infection with HIV.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , young people aged 13—29 accounted for 39 percent of all new HIV infections in HIV is a disease that does not discriminate. Anyone can contract this disease, which is why it is important for students to be AWARE of how to protect themselves and prevent the transmission of HIV. HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, weakens your immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection. When individuals reach this stage, they are at high risk for opportunistic infections due to their badly damaged immune system.
Она окунулась в мыльную пену и попыталась забыть о Стоун-Мэнор и Смоки-Маунтинс. Куда его понесло? - думала. - Почему он не звонит. Вода из горячей постепенно превратилась в теплую и, наконец, холодную. Она уже собиралась вылезать, как вдруг ожил радиотелефон.
- Коммандер Стратмор отправил кого-то в Испанию с заданием найти ключ. - И что? - воскликнул Джабба. - Человек Стратмора его нашел. Сьюзан, больше не в силах сдержать слезы, разрыдалась.
Обескураженная, Сьюзан подалась. Она смотрела на коммандера и второй раз за этот день не могла его узнать. Вдруг она ощутила страшное одиночество.
Я пыталась помочь умирающему, - объясняла Росио. - Но сам он, похоже, этого не. Он… это кольцо… он совал его нам в лицо, тыкал своими изуродованными пальцами. Он все протягивал к нам руку - чтобы мы взяли кольцо.
Асфальт впереди становился светлее и ярче. Такси приближалось, и свет его фар бросал на дорогу таинственные тени. Раздался еще один выстрел.
Бев Стратмор никогда его ни в чем не обвиняла. Она превозмогала боль сколько могла, но ее силы иссякли. Она сказала ему, что их брак исчерпал себя, что она не собирается до конца дней жить в тени другой женщины. Вой сирен вывел его из задумчивости. Его аналитический ум искал выход из создавшегося положения.
Больно. - Да нет вообще-то.
М-м… сто десять фунтов, - сказала Соши. - Сто десять? - оживился Джабба. - Сколько будет сто десять минус тридцать пять и две десятых.
Часовой пожал плечами. - С вами хочет поговорить начальник шифровалки. Она сейчас будет. - Она? - Беккер рассмеялся.
Ну. Сеньор?. - Буисан, - сказал Беккер.
Она поняла: все дело в деньгах. Она перенеслась мыслями в тот вечер, когда президент Джорджтаунского университета предложил Дэвиду повышение - должность декана факультета лингвистики. Президент объяснил, что преподавательских часов будет меньше, бумажной работы больше, - но гораздо выше будет и жалованье.
Вызовите мне машину. Мужчина достал мобильник, сказал несколько слов и выключил телефон. - Veinte minutos, - сказал. -Двадцать минут? - переспросил Беккер.
Чатрукьян это чувствовал. У него не было сомнений относительно того, что произошло: Стратмор совершил ошибку, обойдя фильтры, и теперь пытался скрыть этот факт глупой версией о диагностике. Чатрукьян не был бы так раздражен, если бы ТРАНСТЕКСТ был его единственной заботой. Однако это было не. Несмотря на свой внушительный вид, дешифровальное чудовище отнюдь не было островом в океане.
- В этом нет никакого смысла. Стратмор встал и начал расхаживать по кабинету, не спуская при этом глаз с двери. - Несколько недель назад, когда я прослышал о том, что Танкадо предложил выставить Цифровую крепость на аукцион, я вынужден был признать, что он настроен весьма серьезно.