Farm Security And Rural Investment Act Of 2002 Pdf
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- Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002
- United States Farm Bills
- Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002
- The 2002 Farm Bill: Overview and Status
March 13, — September 3, RL Federal farm support, nutrition, agricultural trade and food aid, conservation, credit, marketing, rural development, agricultural research, and related policies are governed by a variety of separate laws. Although these laws may be considered and amended as free-standing legislation, many of them are evaluated periodically, revised, and renewed through an omnibus, multi-year farm bill.
Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002
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This rule implements the provisions of Title I of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of the Act relating to the various activities affecting sugar beet and sugar cane producers and processors and the marketing of sugar. Generally, these regulations are applicable through Fiscal Year FY Major provisions of the Act terminate marketing assessments; make in-process sugar eligible for loans; authorize the establishment of a payment-in-kind program; cap the minimum payment requirement for sugar beet growers; eliminate a loan forfeiture penalty; provide for storage facility loans; and establish flexible marketing allotments.
Phone: E-mail: dcolacicco wdc. Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication Braille, large print, audio tape, etc. Section c of the Act requires that the regulations needed to implement Title I of the Act which includes the Sugar Program are to be promulgated without regard to the notice and comment provisions of 5 U. These regulations are thus issued as final. This final rule has been determined to be economically significant under Executive Order and has been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget OMB.
A cost-benefit assessment was completed and is summarized after the background section explaining the rule. The title and number of the Federal assistance program found in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance to which this final rule applies is Commodity Loans and Loan Deficiency Payments, FSA has completed a final environmental assessment and concluded that the proposed action will have no significant impacts upon the human environment as documented through the completion of a Finding of No Significant Impact FONSI.
The final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order This rule preempts State laws that are inconsistent with it, however, this rule is not retroactive. Before judicial action may be brought concerning this rule, all administrative remedies must be exhausted. This program is not subject to the provisions of Executive Order , which require intergovernmental consultation with State and local officials. Also, this rule contains no mandates as defined in sections and of UMRA.
Section c of the Act requires that the regulations necessary to implement Title I of the Act must be issued within 90 days of enactment and that such regulations shall be issued without regard to the notice and comment provisions of 5 U. These regulations affect the planting and marketing decisions of a large number of agricultural producers. Accordingly, this rule is effective upon the date of filing for public inspection by the Office of the Federal Register.
Section c of the Act provides that the promulgation of regulations and the administration of Title I of the Act shall be done without regard to chapter 5 of title 44 of the United States Code the Paperwork Reduction Act. Accordingly, these regulations and the forms and other information collection activities needed to administer the program authorized by these regulations are not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under the Paperwork Reduction Act.
Implementation of the Act requires substantial modification or elimination of existing subparts and the addition of 2 new subparts. Subpart A, General Provisions, is updated to reflect the new crop years through , elimination of marketing assessments, and the addition of a sugar marketing allotment program and a processor Payment-In-Kind PIK program. Definitions are expanded to reflect new provisions such as sugar marketing allotments. Subpart B, Sugar Loan Program, is expanded to include loans for in-process sugar, which are set at 80 Start Printed Page percent of the raw cane sugar or beet sugar loan rate, as applicable.
To be eligible for loans, sugar now must be stored in CCC-approved warehouses to ensure the quality of CCC's loan collateral or assets. CCC will use temporary approvals as required to ensure this requirement does not interrupt loan making. Loan settlement will be based on a schedule of premiums and discounts available in county offices. The previous day notification of intent to forfeit sugar loan collateral is eliminated. The Act eliminates the requirement that CCC add 1 percentage point to the interest rate as calculated by the procedure in place in but does not establish a sugar loan interest rate.
CCC has decided to use the rates required for other commodity loans. The Act also eliminated the forfeiture penalty. The loan settlement and foreclosure sections in the rule now address in-process sugars. Forfeiture of such sugars, pledged as collateral, will be accepted as payment in full of principal and interest if the processor converts them into raw cane sugar or refined beet sugar of acceptable grade and quality for sugar eligible for loans within 1 month after loan maturity.
If forfeited in-process sugars are not converted into raw cane sugar or refined beet sugar of suitable quality and transferred to CCC within 1 month, CCC may charge liquidated damages.
If the processor does not forfeit the collateral, but instead further processes the in-process sugar into raw cane sugar or refined beet sugar and repays the loan, the processor may obtain a loan at the higher rate for the raw cane sugar or refined beet sugar. Loan collateral forfeited on September 30, the last day of the crop year, will become property of CCC on October 1 of the next crop year.
Therefore, forfeitures made on the last day of the crop year will be considered as marketings made during the following crop year and count against the following year's marketing allotments, unless allotments are suspended. Subpart C, Information Reporting and Recordkeeping Requirements, is expanded to include reporting of sugarcane production and imports. Sugarcane producers located in Louisiana must report sugarcane yields and planted acres. Importers of sugars, syrups, or molasses to be used for domestic human consumption or to be used for the extraction of sugar for domestic human consumption shall report the quantities of products imported and the sugar content or equivalent of the products.
The requirement does not apply to sugars, syrups, or molasses within tariff-rate quota quantities subject to the lower rate of duties. Subpart D, Flexible Sugar Marketing Allotments, is added to part to clarify administration of the sugar marketing allotment program established by the Act. The Act restores and modifies the sugar marketing allotment program that was suspended by the Agricultural Market Transition Act 7 U.
The new flexible sugar marketing allotments are always established before the crop year. Allotments and the processor allocations will be suspended if sugar imports for human consumption exceed 1,, short tons, raw value, and CCC reduces the overall allotment quantity in response to the imports.
The suspension is lifted if imports are reduced to a level at or below 1,, tons. Thus, processors will always have an allocation, but at times the allocations may be suspended due to imports exceeding the trigger level and the overall allotment quantity being reduced. Estimates of beginning stocks, production, imports, exports, and consumption used to administer the sugar marketing allotment program will come from the World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates published monthly by USDA's World Board.
CCC will set the reasonable ending stocks estimate at a level expected to preclude sugar loan collateral forfeitures. Several types of sugar marketings will not be counted against a processor's allocation. Sugar marketings for export and nonhuman consumption e. The Act also specifically excludes from the definition of prohibited sugar marketing activity a sale of sugar from a processor who has more sugar than allocation to a processor who has more allocation than sugar.
CCC excluded sugar sales for nonhuman consumption from allotments because the law excludes sugar imports for nonhuman consumption from the import trigger level and excluding nonhuman uses should not encourage forfeitures since these uses do not generate revenue consistent with the loan forfeiture level.
The Act instructs CCC to periodically determine whether a processor has more allocation than sugar supply and then reassign the deficit according to a very specific hierarchy.
Thus, CCC can limit these sales by reducing the allocation of the processor buying over-allocation sugar. CCC will permit these transactions until May 1 of each crop year, which is expected to leave enough time in the crop year to permit CCC to reassign the unused allocation. CCC must be notified of sales from a processor with more sugar than allocation to a processor with more allocation than sugar within 5 days of the sale.
These sales are not permitted between cane processors in different States because the Act specifically requires that only cane sugar produced in a State may be used to fulfill the State's cane sugar allotment.
The Act provides limited CCC discretion in establishing sugar beet processor allocations and has no provision for collecting industry comments through the hearing process. If a processor had an aggregate quality loss exceeding 20 percent, the loss threshold under CCC's Quality Loss Program, on stored sugar beets during the through crop years, CCC will apply the beet sugar production history by 1.
The Act provides wide discretion to CCC in establishing sugarcane State allotments and sugarcane processor allocations of those allotments. CCC will conduct a hearing in August of each year, if requested by interested sugarcane growers or processors by July 15, beginning with the crop.
The Act defines past marketings and past processings in terms of past sugar production history. CCC determined that the equal weighting system put a disproportionate share of the negative impacts of marketing allotments on a relatively few efficient processors.
Allotments will be suspended if 1 sugar imports for human consumption exceed 1,, short tons, raw value, and 2 CCC reduces the overall allotment quantity in response to the imports. CCC will require processors receiving allocations to provide assurances that they will divide their allocation fairly and equitably among producers they serve in a manner that adequately reflects the producers' production history.
Start Printed Page The rule permits producers who delivered to a factory that later closed to apply to CCC to move the allocation commensurate with their sugar beet or sugarcane production to a factory willing to take their production. All allocation transfers stemming from the transfer of title of processing companies or their assets will be subject to the above conditions.
Participating processors must act in conjunction with producers, that is, the acreage to be reduced must have been under contract with the processor during the applicable crop year and the land left fallow during the crop year the PIK program is implemented.
CCC may permit processors to bid, in lieu of acreage, desugarizing capacity or other measures of sugar production as CCC may approve. CCC will stop storage payments on sugar when title to the sugar is transferred to a participating processor or assignee. Section of the Act provides that CCC shall amend its existing storage facility loan program to include loans for processors of sugar.
Accordingly, the regulations of 7 CFR part are amended to include sugar processors as eligible borrowers. This rule also amends 7 CFR The elimination of the sugar loan forfeiture penalty increases the likelihood and cost of forfeitures because it increases the price, by about a cent per pound, a processor must achieve in the market to be deterred from forfeiting sugar loan collateral to CCC.
The forecast of the economic impacts is very sensitive to the imposition of sugar marketing allotments. Sugar marketing allotments shift the burden of surplus sugar storage from CCC to the sugar beet and sugarcane processors and increases sugar prices. Marketing allotments are dependent on the level of Mexican sugar imports, and to a lesser degree, sugar or products for the extraction of sugar imports from other nations not under the sugar tariff rate quota TRQ.
United States Farm Bills
Sciullo, Nick J. Add to List. Laws often have unintended consequences—consequences that even the most earnest policymakers fail to mull over. Many criticisms may be leveled at this law with their genesis across the broad spectrum of domestic political theory as well as international relations theory. Some may choose to focus on the disastrous depression of groundnut prices, a major cash crop of Western Africa, which forces Western Africans further into poverty. This argument would build upon post-colonial criticism, an increasingly more popular focus of critical theory. Others may focus on the impact that the Farm Bill has on domestic farmers, engaging in a ruralism dialogue.
Part 1 deals with commodity programs. Provides for direct payments, counter-cyclical payments, marketing assistance loans and loan deficiency programs. Also contains sections regarding peanuts, sugar, dairy and administration. Part 2 deals with conservation; Part 3 with trade policy, including export assistance to agricultural industry. Part 4 makes provision for nutrition programs.
Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002
Changes in the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of have the potential to push domestic support for United States farmers above current and proposed commitments in the WTO. This article explores one of the inevitable questions that arise with the enactment of the Food, Conservation and Energy Act of regarding how the domestic agricultural support provisions in this legislation will affect United States commitments under the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture URAA. And further, how will the domestic supports fit with the proposals and negotiations in the Doha Development Agenda?
Official websites use. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. This final rule implemented 11 provisions of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of FSRIA , which established new eligibility and certification requirements for the receipt of food stamps.
Official websites use. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.
The 2002 Farm Bill: Overview and Status
The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of , also known as the Farm Bill , includes ten titles, addressing a great variety of issues related to agriculture , ecology , energy , trade , and nutrition. This act has been superseded by the U. Farm Bill. The act directs approximately The specialized nature of the farm bill, as well as the size and timing of the bill, made its passage highly contentious.
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Этого и ждут от меня читатели. Больные на соседних койках начали приподниматься, чтобы разглядеть, что происходит. Беккер нервно посматривал на медсестру. Пожалуй, дело кончится тем, что его выставят на улицу. Клушар продолжал бушевать: - И этот полицейский из вашего города тоже хорош. Заставил меня сесть на мотоцикл.
Наверное, за ним тянется красный след на белых камнях. Он искал глазами открытую дверь или ворота - любой выход из этого бесконечного каньона, - но ничего не. Улочка начала сужаться. - Soccoro! - Его голос звучал еле слышно. - Помогите.
Без воска, Дэвид. Она просияла и прижала записку к груди. Это был Дэвид, кто же .
Con permiso! - крикнул санитар. Мимо стремительно проплыла каталка. Беккер успел отскочить в сторону и окликнул санитара. - Dоnde esta el telefono.
Он опустил шторку иллюминатора и попытался вздремнуть. Но мысли о Сьюзан не выходили из головы. ГЛАВА 3 Вольво Сьюзан замер в тени высоченного четырехметрового забора с протянутой поверху колючей проволокой.
Чатрукьян замер от неожиданности. - Но, сэр, мутация… - Немедленно! - крикнул Стратмор. Чатрукьян некоторое время смотрел на него, лишившись дара речи, а потом бегом направился прочь из шифровалки.
Но Цифровая крепость никогда не устареет: благодаря функции меняющегося открытого текста она выдержит людскую атаку и не выдаст ключа. Новый стандарт шифрования. Отныне и навсегда.
Хейл ее даже не подписал, просто напечатал свое имя внизу: Грег Хейл. Он все рассказал, нажал клавишу PRINT и застрелился. Хейл поклялся, что никогда больше не переступит порога тюрьмы, и сдержал слово, предпочтя смерть. - Дэвид… - всхлипывала. - Дэвид.
Она отвалилась вместе с содранной кожей.