Theory Of Change In Monitoring And Evaluation Pdf
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In contrast to the logframe and other explanatory models, Theory of Change starts with the overall vision of success or long-term goals and works backwards to the necessary conditions in place to produce these goals. A thorough Theory of Change unravels and seeks evidence of all assumptions underlying these conditions. This method allows defining a sequence or pathway of interlinked events.
- Monitoring and Evaluation Frameworks (3 parts)
- How to Develop a Monitoring and Evaluation Plan
- Theory of change
- MDF and Theory of Change
Theory of Change ToC is a specific type of methodology for planning , participation , and evaluation that is used in companies, philanthropy , not-for-profit and government sectors to promote social change.
Monitoring and Evaluation Frameworks (3 parts)
A clear framework is essential to guide monitoring and evaluation. A framework should explain how the programme is supposed to work by laying out the components of the initiative and the order or the steps needed to achieve the desired results.
Why are monitoring and evaluation frameworks important? A well thought out monitoring and evaluation framework can assist greatly with thinking through programmatic strategies, objectives and planned activities, and whether they are indeed the most appropriate ones to implement. Monitoring and evaluation frameworks:. Developing a corresponding monitoring and evaluation plan that acts as a monitoring tool by defining how information from the programme will be tracked.
Determining which framework is best to use. A number of different frameworks are used or requested by organizations and donors. Some donors combine aspects of frameworks in a customized approach. Others do not include explicit guidance for programmes around the selection of a framework. Programmes should select the type of framework that best suits their strategies and activities and responds to institutional requirements.
All programmes should at a minimum conduct monitoring activities that allow them to ensure they are not putting women at greater risk. Programme implementers often from diverse sectors should jointly take steps in developing the monitoring and evaluation framework UNHCR Guidelines, They should determine the purposes of the monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and assess the information needs of each actor.
Ensure prevention and response interventions have clearly defined objectives, outputs and indicators ; 3. Establish coordinated and common reporting tools; 4. Determine methods for obtaining information on indicators; 5. Assign responsibilities for information gathering, determine time frame and frequency of data collection, and allocate resources; and 6.
Establish mechanisms for sharing information and incorporating results into prevention and response planning. Frankel and Gage, i. Conceptual Frameworks Conceptual frameworks are diagrams that identify and illustrate relationships among relevant organizational, individual and other factors that may influence a programme and the successful achievement of goals and objectives.
They Help determine which factors will influence the programme and outline how each of these factors underlying, cultural, economic socio-political etc. They do not form the basis for monitoring and evaluation activities, but can help explain programme results.
The theory of change reflects the underlying process and pathways through which the hoped for change in knowledge, behaviour, attitudes or practices, at the individual, institutional, community or other level is expected to occur.
Theory of Change: A theory of change defines the pieces and steps necessary to bring about a given long-term goal. A theory of change describes the types of interventions whether a single programme or a comprehensive community initiative that bring about the results hoped for. A theory of change includes the assumptions often supported by research that stakeholders use to explain the process of change.
While so much detail may not be necessary when outlining theories of change, monitoring and evaluation frameworks should always involve this kind of analysis. Specific, appropriate activities and indicators can then be developed to monitor key moments of change and evaluate success in effecting it.
Theory of Change: Preventing domestic violence in homes and communities requires individuals to identify the problem of domestic violence, consider its importance, evaluate their own behaviour, and then begin making changes in their lives. Behaviour is a result of our experiences, attitudes, and beliefs, and thus it is deeply linked to the prevailing belief system in the community. The attitudes and actions of neighbours, friends, co-workers, religious leaders, police, health care providers, etc.
Although each individual is unique and will come to the issue of domestic violence differently, the process of how individuals change often follows a similar pattern.
Individual Behaviour Change: The Stages of Change Theory provides a way of understanding the process of how individuals can change their behaviour. Stage 3 Preparation for Action: An individual gets more information and develops intent to act. Stage 4 Action: An individual begins to try new and different ways of thinking and behaving.
Stage 5 Maintenance: An individual recognizes the benefits of the behaviour change and maintains it. Facilitating Social Change: The Resource Guide adapts this theory of individual behaviour change and scales it up to the community level.
It proposes that a community also goes through a process of change before any given value system is adopted, and projects that recognize this process and operate in harmony with it are more likely to facilitate an enduring change.
For example, who will be receiving services? Who will be receiving training? Who will be receiving materials? For example, who will probably be hearing about the campaign even if they are not the intended primary audience? Who will probably learn that services are being provided in a neighboring community? Who will probably be exposed to some of the ideas disseminated in the training even if they did not directly participate?
However, stigmatizing attitudes that serve as barriers to their meaningful implementation cannot be expected to change overnight.
However, to determine whether the changes in knowledge and attitudes translated into changes in practice over time, a different method would have to be employed, for example, by reviewing court records or by interviewing complainants on their experiences with the handling of their cases.
IMAGE seeks to influence factors that predispose individuals to HIV infection and gender-based violence through targeting the environment in which they occur. Individual agency, household well-being, communication and power relations, and the norms, networks, relationships and responses of communities constitute the environment in the IMAGE framework.
The framework attempts to conceptualise the complexity of factors and relationships that constitute the environment in which sexual behaviour and gender-based violence occurs. The framework was developed to guide both the intervention and evaluation components of the IMAGE programme. Results Frameworks Results frameworks sometimes called strategic frameworks illustrate the direct relationships between the intermediate results of activities all the way to the overall objectives and goals.
Results frameworks do form the basis for monitoring and evaluation activities at the objective level. Logical frameworks do form the basis for monitoring and evaluation activities for all stages of the programme. Logic models are valuable tools for:.
Logical frameworks are presented as diagrams connecting programme inputs to processes, outputs, outcome and impact as they relate to a specific problem or situation. Logic models show what resources the programme will need to accomplish its goals; what the programme will do; and what it hopes to achieve, emphasizing links between these aspects.
This narrow focus assists programme managers and monitoring and evaluation planners as they clarify the direct relationships among elements of particular interest within a specific programme. Overview of Violence against Women and Girls. What is violence against women and girls? Guiding Principles. Adopting a human rights-based approach Operating under ethical guidelines Ensuring gender-responsiveness Employing culturally-appropriate measures Addressing specific forms and settings Responding to diversity Operating within the ecological model Working in partnership Ensuring survivor-centred and empowering approaches Drawing upon existing evidence.
What is monitoring and evaluation? Why is monitoring and evaluation important? What are some of the challenges? Getting started: preparing for monitoring and evaluation. Conducting monitoring and evaluation. Evaluation questions Baseline assessments. Overview Quantitative Qualitative. Monitoring and evaluation for specific areas of work. Main References References for Monitoring and Evaluation.
Monitoring and evaluation frameworks: Assist in understanding and analyzing a programme Help to develop sound monitoring and evaluation plans and implementation of monitoring and evaluation activities Articulate programme goals and measurable short, medium and long-term objectives Define relationships among inputs, activities, outputs, outcomes and impacts Clarify the relationship between programme activities and external factors.
Demonstrate how activities will lead to desired outcomes and impacts, especially when resources are not available to conduct rigorous impact evaluations. They often display relationships graphically. PATH Monitoring and Evaluation Initiative Considerations when developing a monitoring and evaluation framework Asking questions: What are the objectives of the monitoring activities? What are the specific questions that need to be asked to gauge the progress of the intervention? What information is needed to see if activities are being implemented in the way that was planned, and who can provide that information?
What are the objectives of the evaluation? What are the specific questions that need to be answered to gauge the impact and success of the intervention? What information is needed to determine if the expected objectives and outcomes were accomplished and who can provide that information? Developing the framework and plan before activities are implemented. It is also important to keep in mind that: Different kinds of interventions policy change, awareness raising campaigns, community mobilization, improving service delivery and response will need different kinds of frameworks, tools and indicators.
An appropriate framework for monitoring and evaluation of activities can be designed and implemented even when a programmes do not have significant resources b programme staff and implementers, service providers and policy makers feel they do not have additional time to devote to monitoring and evaluation. Many existing tools can be adapted to specific contexts and monitoring and evaluation needs. If monitoring and evaluation activities and tools are considered and built into programmatic work or service provision from the start, the resource and time burden is minimized.
It is important to clarify objectives, what information will be most useful in reaching those objectives and what information is already available or easily collected.
There are creative ways to deal with resource constraints, such as: Including a generous line item for monitoring and evaluation when submitting proposals to donors; Using resources wisely by choosing methods that are feasible, reliable and most likely to yield information to improve the programme. Collecting only enough data than can be realistically analyzed or used.
Finding ways to pool resources and collaborate with other organizations. In some settings, university students can offer assistance in return for research experience.
How to Develop a Monitoring and Evaluation Plan
A clear framework is essential to guide monitoring and evaluation. A framework should explain how the programme is supposed to work by laying out the components of the initiative and the order or the steps needed to achieve the desired results. Why are monitoring and evaluation frameworks important? A well thought out monitoring and evaluation framework can assist greatly with thinking through programmatic strategies, objectives and planned activities, and whether they are indeed the most appropriate ones to implement. Monitoring and evaluation frameworks:.
Tag Cloud. Program-level evaluation. Impact assessment. Evaluative culture. Core Principles. Research-to-outcome-to-impact pathway. Project-level ToC.
All data underlying the results are available as part of the article and no additional source data are required. Background: Evaluation of community and public engagement in research is important to deepen understanding of how engagement works and to enhance its effectiveness. Theories of change have been recommended for evaluating community engagement, for their ability to make explicit intended outcomes and understandings of how engagement activities contribute to these outcomes. However, there are few documented examples of using theories of change for evaluation of engagement. This article reports experience of using theories of change to develop a framework for evaluating community engagement in research at a clinical research organisation in Malawi. We describe the steps used to develop theories of change, and the way theories of change were used to design data collection plans. Based on our experience, we reflect on the advantages and challenges of the theory of change approach.
(ToC) approach into its monitoring, evaluation and learning framework. This brief marianaslibrary.org
Theory of change
Follow CompassforSbc. Click here to access this Guide in Arabic. It is a living document that should be referred to and updated on a regular basis.
This article is a brief study of the advantages and disadvantages of Theory of Change ToC and the Logical Framework Log Frame based on literature; a comparative approach. The later has a long historical stand in the development practices while the former was formed as supposed to answer the shortcomings of the Log Frame. ToC has gained positive stand in the realm of international development by addressing at least three main features: participation, flexibility and the dynamic of development deliverance and accountability. Artikel ini adalah studi singkat tentang kelebihan dan kekurangan dari Theory of Change ToC dan Logical Framework Log Frame berdasarkan literatur; pendekatan komparatif. Yang kedua memiliki pendirian historis yang panjang dalam praktik pembangunan, sementara yang pertama dibentuk untuk menjawab kekurangan Log Frame.
Jump to navigation. This section explains how and why you might use a theory of change when commissioning and managing an evaluation. It explains options for how it will be developed or revised, how it will be represented, and how it will be used. You might be actively involved in these processes or oversight them. In either case it is important to be aware that there are choices to be made and that informed choices will produce more useful theory of change and better evaluation.
MDF and Theory of Change
То есть… как ты их вскрываешь. Сьюзан улыбнулась: - Уж ты-то мог бы это понять. Это все равно что изучать иностранный язык.
Попробовал добрести до двери. Меган скрылась во вращающейся секции, таща за собой сумку. Беккер почти вслепую приближался к двери. - Подожди! - крикнул .
Скоро Нуматек станет единственным обладателем единственного экземпляра Цифровой крепости. Другого нет и не. Двадцать миллионов долларов - это очень большие деньги, но если принять во внимание, за что они будут заплачены, то это сущие гроши. ГЛАВА 19 - А вдруг кто-то еще хочет заполучить это кольцо? - спросила Сьюзан, внезапно заволновавшись. - А вдруг Дэвиду грозит опасность.
Мне нужна твоя помощь. Сьюзан плохо его понимала. Ей показалось, что столь своевременная кончина Танкадо решила все проблемы. - Коммандер, - сказала она, - если власти говорят, что он умер от сердечного приступа, это значит, мы к его смерти не причастны. Его партнер поймет, что АНБ не несет за нее ответственности.
- Я любил тебя. У нее свело желудок. - Останься со. В ее сознании замелькали страшные образы: светло-зеленые глаза Дэвида, закрывающиеся в последний раз; тело Грега Хейла, его сочащаяся кровь на ковре; обгорелый труп Фила Чатрукьяна на лопастях генератора. - Боль пройдет, - внушал Стратмор.
- На это уйдет полчаса. К тому времени все уже рухнет. Джабба открыл рот, готовый что-то сказать, но тут его буквально парализовал душераздирающий крик. Все повернули головы к Сьюзан Флетчер, которая выпрямилась и поднялась со стула. Лицо ее побелело, глаза не отрываясь смотрели на застывший кадр, демонстрировавший неподвижное тело Дэвида Беккера, залитое кровью, брошенное на пол мини-автобуса.
Сьюзан, не поднимая глаз, поджала ноги и продолжала следить за монитором. Хейл хмыкнул. Сьюзан уже привыкла к агрессивному поведению Хейла.
Вот где кольцо! - подумал. - В сумке. - и улыбнулся, едва сохраняя спокойствие.
Или жадность заставит его продать алгоритм. Она не могла больше ждать. Пора.