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Search inside document. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey lll rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. Improved semiconductor devices have made possible a prolifera- tion of high-speed digital and analog systems as observed in wireless communication, global positioning, RADAR, and related electrical and computer engineering disci- plines.
This interest has translated into a strong demand for engineers with comprehen- sive knowledge of high-frequency circuit design principles. For the student, the professional engineer, and even the faculty member teaching this material there is, however, a general problem.
The majority of existing textbooks appear to target two separate audiences: A the advanced graduate-level population with a broad theoretical background, and B the technologists with little interest in mathematical and physical rigor. As a result, RF circuit design has been presented in two very different formats, For the advanced students the entry into this field is often pursued through an electromagnetic field approach, while for the technologists the basic circuit aspect embedded in Kirchhoff's laws is the preferred treatment.
Both approaches make it difficult to adequately address the theoretical and practical issues surrounding high-frequency design principles.
The basic circuit approach lacks, or only superficially covers, the wave nature of currents and voltages whose reflection and transmission properties constitute indispensable ingredients of the RF circuit behavior. The electromagnetic field approach certainly covers the wave guide and transmission line aspect, but falls far short of reaching the important aspects of designing high-fre- quency amplifier, oscillator, and mixer circuits. The objective of this textbook is to develop the RF circuit design aspects in such a way that the need for transmission line principles is made clear without adopting an electromagnetic field approach.
Therefore, no EM background is necessary beyond a first year undergraduate physics course in fields and waves as provided by most colleges and universities. Lengthy mathematical derivations are either relegated to the appendices or placed in examples, separated from the main text.
This allows the omis- sion of some of the dry theoretical details and thus focuses on the main concepts. Accepting the challenge of providing a high degree of design experience, we have included many examples that discuss in considerable detail, in many cases extending over several pages, the philosophy and the intricacies of the various design approaches.
Professional high-frequency simulation packages are generally expensive and require familiarity to use them effectively. For this reason we have created a considerable num- ber of MaTLas M-files that the interested student can download from our website listed in Appendix G.
Since MATLAB is a widely used relatively inexpensive mathematical tool, many examples discussed in this book can be executed and the results graphically displayed in a matter of seconds, Specifically the various Smith-Chart computations of the impedance transformations should appeal to the reader. Nonetheless, all design examples, specifically the ones presented in Chapters 8 to 10, have been independently simulated and verified in MMICAD for the linear circuit models, and ADS for the non- linear oscillator and mixer models.
In terms of material coverage, this textbook purposely omitted the high-speed dig- ital circuits as well as coding and modulation aspects, Although important, these topics would simply have required too many additional pages and would have moved the book too far away from its original intent of providing a fundamental, one- or two-semester, introduction to RF circuit design.
At WPI this does not turn out to be a disadvantage, since most of the material can readily be acquired in available communication systems engineering courses. The organization of this text is as follows: Chapter 1 presents a general explana- tion of why basic circuit theory breaks down as the operating frequency is increased to a level where the wavelength becomes comparable with the discrete circuit compo- nents.
In Chapter 2 the transmission line theory is developed as a way to replace the low-frequency circuit models. Chapter 4 discusses two-port networks with their flow-chart representations and how they can be described on the basis of the so- called scattering parameters. These network models and their scattering parameter descriptions are utilized in Chapter 5 to develop passive RF filter configurations. Before covering active devices, Chapter 6 provides a review of some of the key semi- conductor fundamentals, followed by their circuit models representation in Chapter 7.
The impedance matching and biasing of bipolar and field effect transistors is taken up in Chapter 8 in an effort to climinate potentially dangerous reflections and to provide optimal power flow. Chapter 9 focuses on a number of key high-frequency amplifier configurations and their design intricacies ranging from low noise to high power appli- cations.
Finally, Chapter 10 introduces the reader to nonlinear systems and their designs in oscillator and mixer circuits. The course has primarily attracted an audience of 3rd and 4th year undergraduate students with a background in microelectronics. The course does not include a laboratory, although six videotapes of practical circuit performances conducted at Philips Semiconductors and in-class RF cir- cuit measurements with a network analyzer are included.
Each chapter is fairly self-contained, with the goal of providing wide flexibility in organizing the course material, At WPI the content of approximately one three semester hour course is com- pressed into a 7-week period consisting of a total of lectures.
The topics cov- ered are shown in the table below. An organizational plan is provided below. The authors are grateful to a number of colleagues, students, and practicing engineers.
Our thanks go to Korne Vennema, Jarek Lucek, and Scott Blum of Philips Semiconductors for providing technical expertise, sponsoring senior student projects, and making available measure- ment equipment, Profs.
Thomas Vaughan of the University of Minne- sota's MRI Center who introduced him to the importance of transmission line principles in the design of RF coils for high-field magnetic resonance imaging. The staff of Prentice-Hall, specifi- cally Eric Frank, Tom Robbins, and Rose Kernan are thanked for their insight and support in making this book a reality.
Contents Preface Chapter 1. Introduction 1. Chip Components and Circuit Board Considerations 1. Transmission Line Analysis 2. Microstrip Lines 2. Equivalent Circuit Representation 2. Additional Graphical Displays 3. Series Connection of R and L Elements 3. Single- and Multiport Networks 4. Basic Definitions 4.
Denormalization of Standard Low-Pass Design 5. Active RF Components 6. Bipolar-Junction Transistor 6. Frequency Response 6. Active RF Component Modeling 7. Matching and Biasing Networks 8. Microstrip Line Matching Networks 8. Double-Stub Matching Networks 8. RF Transistor Amplifier Designs 9. Stability Considerations 9. High-Power Amplifiers 9. Oscillators and Mixers Design Steps High-Frequency Oscillator Configuration YIG-Tuned Oscillator Matrix Conversions Appendix E.
Physical Parameters of Semiconductors Appendix F. Couplers G. Noise Analysis H. Analog circuits for wireless communication in the giga- hertz GHz range and the ever-increasing clock speeds of computer circuits in high- performance mainframes, workstations, and, of course, personal computers exemplify this trend. Global positioning systems require carrier frequencies in the range of The low-noise amplifier in a personal communication sys- tem may operate at 1.
In general, due to the rapid expansion of wireless communication, more compact ampli- fier, filter, oscillator, and mixer circuits are being designed and placed in service at fre- quencies generally above 1 GHz. There is little doubt that this trend will continue unabated, resulting not only in engineering systems with unique capabilities, but also special design challenges not encountered in conventional low-frequency systems. This chapter reviews the evolution from low- to high-frequency circuit operations.
It motivates and provides the physical rationales that have prompted the need for new engi- neering approaches to design and optimize these circuits. The example of a cellular phone circuit, components of which will be analyzed in more detail in later chapters, serves as a yehicle to outline the goals and objectives of this textbook and its organization.
The chapter begins with a brief historical discussion explaining the transition from direct current DC to high-frequency modes of operation. As the frequency increases and the associated wavelengths of the electromagnetic waves becomes comparable to the dimensions of the discrete circuit components such as resistors, capacitors, and inductors, these components start to deviate in their electric responses from the ideal frequency behavior.
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Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Ludwig and G. Ludwig , G. Bogdanov Published Computer Science. Importance of Radiofrequency Design.
ISBN This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book The digit and digit formats both work. The Second Edition introduces RF design tools such as the Smith Chart, dual port networks, S-parameters, and provides extensive coverage of RF filter design, matching networks, active and passive device modeling, narrow and broadband amplifiers, mixers, and oscillators. RF Circuit Design, Second Edition Explaining how to design and integrate an RF component in a very practical fashion, this comprehensive guide has been updated to include today's integrated circuit IC and system-level design issues as well as keeping its classic "wire lead" material. RF Circuit Design 2nd Edition - amazon com. In the 15 years since the first edition of this classic text, the demand for higher performance has led to an explosive growth of RF design techniques In RF Microelectronics, Second Edition, Behzad Razavi systematically teaches the fundamentals as well as the state-of-the-art developments in the analysis and design of RF circuits and transceivers. PDF rf-circuit-design-second-edition pdf Edgar David. RF Circuit Design - 2nd Edition.
Ludwig and G. RF Circuit Design, 2e, this textbook is written for students who have taken a first-year undergraduate physics course in fields and waves. Its objective is to develop the RF circuit design aspects in such a way that the need for transmission line principles is made clear without adopting an electromagnetic field approach. Read Online Solution Rf Circuit Design By Ludwig Balkanore Solution Rf Circuit Design By Ludwig Balkanore freeserif font size 13 format As recognized, adventure as with ease as experience just about lesson, amusement, as competently as contract can be gotten by just checking out a book solution rf circuit design by ludwig balkanore moreover it is not directly done, you could allow Proclamation solution rf circuit design by ludwig can be one of the options to accompany you bearing in mind having further time. It will not waste your time. Just invest little grow old to log on this on-line proclamation solution rf circuit design by ludwig.
RF Circuit Design. Theory and Applications. Reinhold Ludwig. Worcester Polytechnic Institute. Pave1 Bretchko. Worcester Polytechnic Institute. Prentice Hall.
RF circuit design : theory and applications
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